In early 2015, the Georgia Legislature passed a transportation funding bill that included a $200 fee for electric car owners. The justification was that EVs are not consuming gasoline, and therefore not paying gas taxes that are used to maintain the road. However, the $200 number they settled on is wildly unfair, since it's more than DOUBLE what an average efficient gas car would pay in gas taxes. It's even more than the worst gas-guzzling SUV would pay. Nonetheless, it's settled law, at least for now.
Plug-in hybrids and extended range EVs like the Chevy Volt fall into a grey area. For those cars, what the state has done is to give those owners a choice. If you want an AFV license plate for your car (which you need if you want free, single-occupant access to the state's HOV lanes), then you will be assessed the $200 EV fee. If you choose a regular license plate, you don't have to pay the fee.
Therefore, each Volt owner can decide for himself/herself whether the HOV access is worth $200/year to them.
Georgia Department of Revenue
Policy Bulletin - MVD - 2015-02
HB 170 – Transportation Funding Act of 2015
Atlanta Volts has been privately hosted since its inception. We believed early on that it would be good to host a site dedicated to the Atlanta area. However, the site was mostly used for the following AFV information that Chris was kind enough to write up.
Late last week there was a hardware failure on the server. Parts were ordered and backups were verified. However, the limited scope of this site lends itself to a static page. There's less data to backup and less spam to fight every week. So we're downgrading.
If you have any information for Atlanta area Volt owners, get in touch and I'll happily post it.
Georgia provides one key benefit to owners of alternative fueled vehicles: free, unlimited access to the HOV/HOT lanes on the interstate highways. However, to get that access you do need to get an "AFV" tag for your car, as well as a special "exempt" Peach Pass. This procedure describes how to do that.
Be sure to read the first step of this procedure BEFORE you take delivery on your Volt!
Before the first step, a bit of a preamble about something we're not sure about. Some of the early Volt buyers have found that their Volts are showing up in the state system with the wrong "fuel type" (much more about this fuel type is in the procedure below). It seems to be appearing like this BEFORE the dealer even submits their title paperwork, which implies that there's an earlier step to all this, involving GM submitting data to the state. We're still researching that, and we will modify this article once we figure that out; if you know something about it, please comment below to tell us about it! But read the full article first ...
Step 1. When taking delivery on your Volt, make sure the title paperwork is filled out properly by the dealer's title clerk. The dealer has a form (the "title application") that they need to submit to the state of Georgia, and on that form they declare the fuel type for the car. The state of Georgia uses the following alternative fueled vehicle fuel codes for title / registration records:
The dealer's title clerk needs to enter a fuel type of "O" for a Chevy Volt. A common mistake is for them to enter a fuel type of "B", which is for "regular" hybrids, as opposed to "plug-in" hybrids like the Volt (and some will even dispute that the Volt is a hybrid ...) But the state has no code for plug in hybrids, and that mistake will later cause problems in getting the AFV tag. The state computer systems, used by your county's tag office, will simply not allow an AFV tag to be issued if the fuel code "B" is indicated on the records for the specific vehicle (VIN) in question. "Classic" hybrids, e.g. the Toyota Prius and similar, do not qualify for an AFV tag anymore. This is why a "B" code won't work, and that the state system must show an "O" type, until the state adds a code for plug-in hybrids. Note: even for leases, this is still the case, except the title paperwork will indicate that the bank has title to the car.
Step 2. By about 2-3 weeks after you take delivery from the dealer and the dealer submits the title application, the state should have processed the titling paperwork from the dealer, and you should be able to go in and get your permanent tag. However, before you take the time to go into the county tax office, you should call ahead and ask them to verify that your car is in their system properly. Give them your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and ask them to look it up to see A) whether it's in the system ready to for you to get a tag, and B) what fuel type code shows up in the system. If your VIN is not even in the state's system yet, then call your dealer's title clerk and ask them to check on their side whether the paperwork went in, and what they put in for the fuel type.
Step 3. If the correct fuel type was noted above, you can skip this step. If the WRONG fuel type was noted above in the state system, then unfortunately you're in a bit of a bind. Please get in touch with Chris C. or John C. and we'll see what we can do to help. As of January 2012 there is no easy way to correct the fuel type errors. UPDATE: per the 04/19/2012 09:04 comment below, if you encounter this problem, send a detailed email to motorvehicleinquiry@DOR.GA.GOV, explaining that your Volt has the "B" code when it should actually have the "O" code. They may be able to resolve the problem right away.
Step 4. By this point, you should now have your Volt in the Georgia database ready to get a permanent tag, and it has the correct fuel type. Before going into the county tax office, call them, give them your VIN, and have them confirm that the fuel type noted will allow them to give you an AFV tag when you come in.
Step 5. Go to tax office and get your AFV tag! You will need to fill out the "Alternative Fuel" form, which you might want to do ahead of time. Here is a direct link to the form but if that doesn't work then try going to etax.dor.ga.gov, click on "Forms and Publications", click on "Motor Vehicle Division", and look on the resulting page for the "Alternative Fuel License Plate Application" PDF. When filling it out, check the box for "Electricity or Solar Energy", and for the city and county of "fuel" purchase, enter your home city and county (which is where you'll be doing most of your charging). There is an application fee of $80, as of this writing, per this state information page. The county office will issue you a temporary paper tag from the state which will be valid until receiving your AFV tag in the mail after 1 to 2 weeks. Confirm with the clerk what your permanent tag number is for the tag they are sending you. They can point it out on your temporary paperwork.
Step 6. Go to the Georgia Peach Pass website and get their customer service phone number. Call them (don't use the website) and ask to have a "toll exempt account" set up. They will ask you for your Georgia AFV license plate number; your paperwork / registration from the tag office will have your actual, permanent tag number on it for this purpose. This will allow exempt travel in the I-75 and I-85 HOV and HOT lanes with only the driver on board. However, this will not function on Georgia 400 at all; you must set up a second, billable account (like any other Peach Pass holder) for use on GA 400, or just stop and pay as you go on GA 400.
Step 7. After receiving your Peach Pass, apply it per their instructions. The pass can be applied to the windshield behind the rear-view mirror; from the driver's perspective, you can place it so that it is out of your view, but within the required specifications supplied with the pass.
Step 8. After receiving your AFV tag, apply it to your Volt!
Step 9. Test it out! Note - do not travel in the I-75 / I-85 HOV / HOT lanes until both the Peach Pass and your permanent AFV license plate have been received and properly applied to your vehicle. Your temporary license plate is not good enough and will earn you a citation if you try to use it prematurely.
Step 10. Make a comment below and tell us how it went!
Please let us know if you find any problems with this procedure or have additions to suggest. This should be a smooth process.
Further background material from Volt owner John C.:
The Volt clearly meets the criteria for alternative fueled vehicles.
When I say the Volt clearly qualifies, I'm referring to requirements in Georgia Code 40-2-86.1, which states ... "for any 2004 and later model, a vehicle which has received a certificate that such vehicle meets or exceeds the Bin 5 Tier II emission level established in regulations prescribed by the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under Section 202(i) of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 7521(i), for that make and model year vehicle."
The fact is that the EPA has awarded the Chevrolet Volt a "Certificate Of Conformity"(with the Clean Air Act of 1990) indicating the Volt meets Tier II, Bin 4 (exceeds Bin 5) emission level. Here is the actual EPA certification for the Volt:
It is important to note that the State of Georgia, Department of Natural Resources / Environmental Protection Division has clearly communicated to the Department of Revenue / Motor Vehicle Division that the Volt does qualify for AFV status per the above requirements, as long as the "85% affidavit" is completed, submitted, and complied with. Leadership in the DOR/MVD has chosen to make their own interpretation of the Volt's qualifications. For apparent political reasons, they have chosen to firmly stand behind the belief that the Volt does not qualify, regardless of communications from DNR/EPD. This means that if your VIN has an incorrect fuel type code in the system, and you try to "work the system" from scratch to correct it, when said leadership becomes aware of your efforts, it will be the progressive equivalent of stepping on a land mine -- game over. We have successfully navigated this mine field before and have a path to communicate your need on your behalf. Feel free to contact us for support in successfully getting your fuel code changed if you are otherwise unsuccessful at having the dealer correct this.
Also note that Georgia code also requires that AFV vehicles operate on their "alternative fuel" at least 85% of the time. When you fill out the AFV tag application above, you are signing an affadavit that you will in fact operate the car in that manner. The "alternative fuel" consumed by the Volt is electricity, but only that stored into the battery which came from an off-board source, i.e. the electrical outlet or charging station at your home or workplace or elsehwere. Electricity generated by the on-board generator does not qualify.
This means that if you do not have your vehicle "registered" on www.VoltStats.net, you should to go ahead and do that now. This excellent website downloads your Volt's performance data from OnStar, updating several times a day, and will allow you to track and demonstrate to others that you are operating in the EV mode more than 85% of the time. You may have to demonstrate at any time that you are adhering to the promise made on the affidavit to operate at least 85% ev, this will allow you to prove compliance easily if audited, or if required at time of renewal. It is unlikely that the state would ever do an audit of this, but just in case it's best to go ahead and start collecting the data.
Update March 2012:
More background from John C. on how the dealer and the state can get the fuel code screwed up.
First, three key facts:
So, here's some history, and how this is apparently supposed to work now ...
The dealers used to fill out an MV-1 form (Application for Motor Vehicle Title) and have delivered to the correct county tag office. The tag office used to manually enter this information, including fuel code, prior to vehicle being registered the first time. The tag office used to be able to manually change the fuel code anytime during the "registered life" of the vehicle.
Around December 1st, 2011, this all changed...
The tag office can NOT edit the fuel code any longer. The MV-1 form is no longer sent to the tag office, nor do they enter the information from it. The DEALER ENTERS MV-1 INFORMATION ELECTRONICALLY AT OR BEFORE TIME OF SALE. This process is referred to as the "Electronic Title Registration", or ETR, for short.
The dealer can make their entries one of two ways, but ONLY ONE METHOD WILL CORRECT AN INCORRECT FUEL CODE.
If the dealer enters the VIN and "just hits return", all the "previously populated information", including the fuel code (which may be wrong...), will be entered as the data submitted in the ETR form from the dealer. This creates a "semi-permanent" (and possibly wrong" ..) entry that will follow the vehicle for the life of its registration, unless manually edited directly in the database by upper-level personnel in the State of GA DOR office.
The RIGHT way for the dealer to ensure the correct ("O" for other...) fuel code is entered into the submitted ETR is to painstakingly enter each piece of information (VIN, Make, Model, Fuel Code, Body Style, Weight, et., etc...) when entering and submitting the ETR.
Some dealers know how to, and are willing to do this - it is becoming more common for sellers of the Volt. Some dealers don't have a clue that this needs to be done, is possible, why, or how to do it.
Purchaser needs to discuss this with the sales team, probably the sales manager, and CERTAINLY the Title Clerk at the dealer prior to "closing".